Courage and Cowardice on the First Crusade, 1096–1099.

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Bohemond
      Chanson d’Antioche
      First Crusade
      Fulcher of Chartes
      Gesta Francorum
      Kerbogha
      Raymond of Aguilers
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Previous surveys of medieval thinking with regard to courage and cowardice have concluded that the greatest opprobrium was reserved for those knights who turned and fled from battle. A close examination of the many sources for the First Crusade, however, indicates that such battlefield behaviour was far less of an issue than that of desertion from the campaign. There is no comparison between the anger and violent expression of dismay directed towards those who abandoned the crusade and that levelled at those who fled from fighting. What this suggests is that the all-or-nothing nature of the enterprise, once it was far from Christian territories, combined with a theology that equated leaving the army with the violation of a pilgrim’s oath, altered the participant’s concept of cowardice. Leaving the crusade was the highest form of cowardice and all other displays of fear were relatively excusable. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
    • ISSN:
      0968-3445
    • Accession Number:
      10.1177/0968344512454517
    • Accession Number:
      85017244
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KOSTICK, C. Courage and Cowardice on the First Crusade, 1096–1099. War in History, [s. l.], v. 20, n. 1, p. 32–49, 2013. DOI 10.1177/0968344512454517. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=85017244&authtype=ip,sso&custid=swtexas. Acesso em: 2 jun. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kostick C. Courage and Cowardice on the First Crusade, 1096–1099. War in History. 2013;20(1):32-49. doi:10.1177/0968344512454517.
    • APA:
      Kostick, C. (2013). Courage and Cowardice on the First Crusade, 1096–1099. War in History, 20(1), 32–49. https://doi.org/10.1177/0968344512454517
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kostick, Conor. 2013. “Courage and Cowardice on the First Crusade, 1096–1099.” War in History 20 (1): 32–49. doi:10.1177/0968344512454517.
    • Harvard:
      Kostick, C. (2013) ‘Courage and Cowardice on the First Crusade, 1096–1099’, War in History, 20(1), pp. 32–49. doi: 10.1177/0968344512454517.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kostick, C 2013, ‘Courage and Cowardice on the First Crusade, 1096–1099’, War in History, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 32–49, viewed 2 June 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kostick, Conor. “Courage and Cowardice on the First Crusade, 1096–1099.” War in History, vol. 20, no. 1, Jan. 2013, pp. 32–49. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0968344512454517.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kostick, Conor. “Courage and Cowardice on the First Crusade, 1096–1099.” War in History 20, no. 1 (January 2013): 32–49. doi:10.1177/0968344512454517.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kostick C. Courage and Cowardice on the First Crusade, 1096–1099. War in History [Internet]. 2013 Jan [cited 2020 Jun 2];20(1):32–49. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=85017244&authtype=ip,sso&custid=swtexas